The Pomeranian developed
as a separate breed in the Pomerania region of
Prussia (Poland and Germany). Pomeranians are
descendants of the ancient Spitz type of dog from
the north and some were brought to Europe to herd
sheep. This has become a very popular dog, and the
small size makes the Pomeranian ideal for those with
limited space in the home or apartment. The
Pomeranian is a loyal and energetic breed and can be
an excellent show dog because of its appearance. We
have put together 10 of the most common questions
about this breed and provided answers for each.
1. Are Pomeranians difficult to live with?
Actually, they are generally good with children and
other pets, but it may take some time for the new
puppy to fit in. Early socialization with the
breeder, during the first few weeks of the puppy’s
life, can make a lot of difference. The Pomeranian
gets along fine with older children and may be an
excellent companion for an elderly person. Be
prepared for a dog that is somewhat temperamental,
2. What color is best
for a Pomeranian?
The Pomeranian is recognized by the American Kennel
Club in a variety of colors, from solid white, red,
or cream to black-and-tan or white with colored
3. What health problems should I look for?
Pomeranians may be prone to dislocated kneecap,
sometimes known as luxating patella. You may want to
watch for any eye and ear problems. Pomeranians can
be subject to early tooth loss, so some dry food may
be necessary to keep the teeth and gums in good
4. How long does the Pomeranian live?
Most healthy Pomeranians will live up to 15 years
with proper care and diet. They are actually a quite
sturdy little dog, though they weigh only 4 to 7
pounds. Limited exercise will be OK for this breed.
5. How do I care for the wonderful coat?
Daily brushing is essential to keep the coat from
matting. The Pomeranian is also a consistent
shedder, so you may be cleaning up little bits of
hair most days. Plan to do some occasional trimming
as well. Professional grooms often start at the head
and brush back with a part, allowing the longer hair
to fall naturally.
6. How should I start to look for a Pomeranian?
As with all purebred dogs, it is best to read as
much as possible about this breed. Then locate and
visit at least three top breeders. Be prepared to
ask many questions and look closely at the living
conditions for the dogs. Ask about guarantees for
replacement and ask about genetic health problems
with the Pomeranian.
7. I have heard the Pomeranian has a double coat,
what does this mean?
The breed does have a double layer coat. The
undercoat is softer, fluffier, and dense. The outer
coat has longer strands and is coarser, harsher in
texture. A soft, flat coat is considered a fault, as
are open spots or very thin spots.
8. I live in an apartment; will the Pomeranian be
OK with this?
Yes, the Pomeranian should do well in an apartment.
They will not need a lot of exercise, though you may
want to take your pet for short walks on a light
leash occasionally. This is an active, energetic
breed, so inside play is a good idea.
9. What is the best way to house train a
This type of training can be a challenge with small
dogs. We suggest trying crate training, to give the
dog a “den” that it will naturally want to keep
clean. The key with the Pomeranian puppy is patience
and consistency. Your Pomeranian will want to please
you and is very intelligent. By working with this
breed in a deliberate manner, you should be fine.
10. Do Pomeranians get along with other dogs?
Your new pet should be fine, as long as you take
time to introduce the pets and give them time to get
used to each other. Pomeranians are somewhat more
aggressive toward larger dogs than size would allow,
so do not expect the Pomeranian to back away from a
larger pet. If your breeder has properly socialized
his young dogs and you take time to work with your
pets, they should get along well.