When considering the
subject of training a Pomeranian, there are a
few items to think about before getting into
specifics such as house training, sitting, doing
tricks etc. New owners of Pomeranians will find that
their pet is very energetic and very intelligent.
This can present some challenges that are unique to
toy dogs and other smaller dogs.
The Pomeranian needs to move around a lot, though
the space it needs is small because of its size.
Excessive barking when strangers appear at the door
can be a problem as well. These two basic instincts
of the Pomeranian may make it difficult as a pet
when there are very young children or elderly people
in the house. Many people do not feel comfortable
with such a lively and vocal little dog. In fact,
too much attention from children can make the
Pomeranian nervous and even cause the dog to snap at
It may be best to
have a long talk with your breeder and with
experienced Pomeranian owners about some of the
basic training methods they use. A little good
advice from the start might help make the
relationship go a lot smoother.
As for house training, housebreaking or potty
training – whatever you want to call it- there are
several methods and most of them seem to work. Of
course, the method depends on the dog and the human
who is guiding the process. House training a small
dog can be a challenge and the Pomeranian is no
different. The key is to start early and keep the
schedule consistent and organized.
The Pomeranian is a naturally clean dog by nature
and, as is the case with all dogs, the Pomeranian is
a creature of habit. This extends to house training
as well. Because of this, many people have found
success with crate training. This provides the dog
with a safe place to go when it needs to be alone.
The crate also gives the dog a “den” that it will
naturally want to keep clean.
The crate should not become a prison for the dog
however. The crate must be more than big enough for
the dog to move around. You should also spend time
around the “den” area, playing with the dog or just
being in the area. This helps make the crate more of
a comfortable home for the pet. If the crate is just
another part of everyday life for your dog, things
should go much more smoothly.
It would be best to introduce the dog to the crate
right away, then put it in the crate for just a
couple of minutes at a time. Praise the puppy after
taking him out of the crate, to reinforce good
behavior. This will help the young dog become
comfortable with the new “home.” Another key to
house training is to coordinate feeding with toilet
training. Again, dogs are creatures of habit, so you
should adjust feeding and housetraining accordingly.
The Pomeranian will probably not respond very well
to verbal abuse and a loud voice as negative
reinforcement. You should be firm and consistent
without punishing the puppy. The Pomeranian is very
intelligent and will be happy to please you, so
being praised for doing the right thing will work
Try to establish a definite toilet area, either
outside in the same place or on papers that are
always in the same place. This reinforces the habit
for the puppy and will stick in the memory much
better than having two or more places that are not
off limits. Remember that puppies may have to
relieve themselves 8 or 10 times each day. Work with
them to use the toilet area in the morning and at
night, as well as after feeding and after a time of
play. Consistency is the key in house training.
Using a crate and being patient should take you down
the road to a comfortable relationship with your new