This stocky, compact dog
is generally active and affectionate. The breed has
its roots in China and dates back hundreds of years,
to the pre-Christian era. Most Pugs are playful and
make excellent family pets. New owners should always
watch for signs of colds and breathing problems with
the Pug. The unique, short muzzle can cause
breathing troubles. Some Pugs also experience eye
problems, especially with the cornea, but overall,
the Pug is an easy breed to own. We have put
together 10 of the most common questions about the
Pug and provided answers for each.
1. What is the history/background of the Pug?
The Pug breed dates back many years to China, where
it was a favorite of Chinese royal families.
Merchants and ships crews returning from China first
brought the dogs to Europe in the 16th century. The
Pug became very popular in Europe and Great Britain,
often seen in the courts of Queen Victoria and with
Napoleon Bonaparte’s wife Josephine. The American
Kennel Club has recognized the breed since 1885.
2. What colors are
the coats of Pugs?
The recognized colors are silver, apricot-fawn, and
black. Pugs with silver and apricot-fawn coats
should have distinct contrast in color on the face.
3. Are Pugs good family pets?
Yes, they are, though some find the Pug to be a bit
stubborn overall. The Pug is a smart dog but may be
quite sensitive to a harsh tone in the owner’s
voice. The Pug does react with some jealousy or
stubbornness if family members do not pay enough
attention to them. The Pug should do well with
children and other pets.
4. What health problems does the Pug have?
Generally, the Pug is a dog that needs very little
healthcare. However, the breed is prone to a form of
brain inflammation that can be hereditary. Dogs of
this shape, including boxers, bulldogs and Pugs, can
be prone to hemivertebrae, a condition in which the
vertebrae do not develop properly. This can be a
serious problem for the Pug. Pugs also may develop
breathing problems because of their short snout.
This dog does not do well in extremes of
5. How long do Pugs live?
A Pug that is well cared for and given the right
diet may live 12 years to 15 years. The breed does
tend to become overweight if given the opportunity
to eat too much. Some regular exercise is
6. What personality/temperament should I expect
from my Pug?
A Pug is alert and intelligent, with a sense of
humor and playfulness thrown in for good measure.
This little dog can be a bit mischievous, especially
if left alone for a period. The Pug will react well
to challenging play but may bore easily if the
training is too repetitive. The Pug can be a good
watchdog and should get along well with other dogs
and other family pets.
7. How big does a Pug get?
This is one of the smaller breeds of dog, with most
adult Pugs standing about 12 inches to 14 inches
tall. The adult Pug may weigh 13 pounds to 20
8. I live in an apartment. Will my Pug be OK
Yes, the Pug should be fine in an apartment or small
home. The dog will do well without a large yard, but
you should plan to take your pet for a regular walk.
This not only provides some exercise but also keeps
your Pug from getting bored.
9. What should I know about grooming my Pug?
The short, tight coat should need only occasional
brushing and combing. Pugs do not do well with
changes in temperature, so make sure to dry your dog
quickly and thoroughly after a bath. Shampoo only
when necessary. The Pug can be prone to skin
10. Should I get my Pug from a breeder?
This is usually the best way to get a young Pug. We
recommend visiting at least three good breeders. You
should take some time to look closely at the living
conditions, as well as the ways in which the breeder
handles his dogs. There may be excellent adult Pugs
available from a rescue organization, but remember,
these dogs come with different challenges than a
puppy from a breeder.